Nissan 5763 – Hachana on Shabbos

13 Nissan 5763

* Making Preparations. . .
One may not prepare on Shabbos for after Shabbos. This is true even if Sunday is Yom Tov. Similarly one may not prepare on Yom Tov for the next day of Yom Tov or for after Yom Tov, except for the Eiruv Tavshilin case discussed below.

* Some Examples. . .
– One may not wash the lunch dishes until nightfall (except if the dishes will be used again on that Shabbos).
– On Yom Tov one may not wash dishes after lunch as this is preparing for the next day. Dishes from the first day of Yom Tov may be washed once the first day ends (i.e. when it gets dark). If the first day is Shabbos, upon the conclusion of Shabbos, one must say Baruch Hamavdil bain kodesh l’kodesh before washing dishes or preparing for the second day.
– A room that will still be used later in the day on Shabbos may be tidied up. Therefore, one may clear the table after lunch.
– Similarly, one may make his or her bed after taking a Shabbos nap if he or she will come in the bedroom during the remaining part of Shabbos.
– One may clean up Seudas Shlishis if the room will be used afterwards. However, in the winter when one finishes Seudas Shlishis after sunset, one should wait until Shabbos is over to clean up.

* Making an Eiruv Tavshilin. . .
– When Yom Tov occurs on Friday (as Pesach does this year), Eiruv Tavshilin is prepared before Yom Tov. This allows one to cook on Yom Tov for Shabbos and make all preparations for Shabbos (that are permissible on Yom Tov) including cleaning and washing dishes.
– This year the First Days of Pesach occur on Thursday and Friday. The se’udah that one eats on Friday afternoon should preferably be finished before “the 10th hour” (approximately 4:00 p.m.), because if one eats after that time he will have difficulty eating the se’udas Shabbos that evening.

Rabbi Dovid Heber